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Oil type differences

Twisted Steel Performance

Anything worth doing is worth overdoing.
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Pauline, SC
Here is a easy to understand article explaining the differences in oil types. This is a posting by TriboDyn and they will be explaining a lot of things pertaining to oil types and how to determine what would be best for any given lubricant needs in coming weeks.

You can find all the TriboDyn lubricants on our website.

This week we're diving into understanding the different oil types there are as well as what you should look for when purchasing your next oil change.
With conventional, synthetic blends and full synthetic oils to choose from, it can be confusing as to which type of oil you should choose, or which type is needed in your vehicle.
So, we've divided the 3 common oil TYPES and will explain a bit further on each type.

1. Conventional oil
Conventional oil is just that; A mineral based oil more commonly found in older cars and engines that do not require synthetics. They are not as often found in newer cars as higher standards and extremes demand what cannot be met by conventional oils. Mineral based oils degrade far faster than synthetic based oils despite the added VII's (viscosity index improvers) and other additives they may contain. Chemical stability and evaporative losses are higher, resulting in loss of lubrication abilities quickly leading to oil degradation. Conventional oils are lower priced since they do not contain heavy amounts of unique additives and anti-wear agents to help protect and prolong engine and oil life.

2. Synthetic Blends/High Mileage oils
Are a blend of both worlds. These oils use the same foundations as mineral oils and synthetic oils yet contain more amounts of VII's, detergents and anti-wear additives, than conventional. These increase part life, decrease engine wear and increase the change intervals as the oil does not degrade as fast. TriboDyn's synthetic blends offer a highly refined paraffinic and superior synthetic base oil compound to create a complex mixture of extreme pressure lubricants combined with our patented technology to deliver an exceptional synthetic blend oil to the market.

3. Full Synthetic
Full Synthetic lubricants are synthetic based stock oils that contain chemical compounds and additives which are artificially made. Since synthetic oils are far more pure, they stand up to extremes and pressures more than their counterparts. Full synthetics contain high amounts of anti-wear additives, detergents and agents to extend the life and performance of the oil.
Advantages you can expect from Synthetic oils are significantly greater than those of mineral based oils; Higher shelf prices will reflect this as they contain more expensive compounds and additives in larger quantities.
Advantages you can expect to see with synthetics over conventional or synthetic blended oils, will include:
- Longer oil change intervals
- Increased net horsepower and torque
- Improved fuel economy
- Higher resistance to heat, giving better viscosity performance under extremes
- High shear and shock resistance
- High Ash, sludge, and deposit protection (especially needed for forced inducted engines that run harder as hot spots are reduced as well as evaportive losses)
- Improved cold climate and start up protection (Most engine damage occurs during start up)
- Increased oxidation resistance and chemical stability
With TriboDyn's patented oil technology, you can definitely expect to see all of the above with the added benefit of a complex mixture of extreme pressure lubricants combined with a high performance coating technology that is engineered to maximize fuel efficiency, minimize friction & wear, increase part & engine life, reduce operating temperature and perform under extreme pressure & heat.
This unique patented formula also provides continuous protection by dispersing & clinging to critical areas without creating any drag; providing both start up and continuous benefits while protecting against corrosion.

Our proprietary technology is an intelligent material that is attracted to areas of heat and friction as pressures increase with RPM or load, the special lubricants combined with the active coating technology in the oil can form a self-lubricating ceramic film in high load & heat areas, providing critical protection that actively seeks out areas needing increased lubrication and at times not simply reduce or eliminate wear, but can also repair damaged surfaces.

All engines are designed with certain tolerances to run a specific oil type and weight. (we'll touch on weights in a later post); If you are unsure of which type or weight your engine requires always consult your owners manual or engine manufacturer to find out what oil will work for you.

Twisted Steel Performance

Anything worth doing is worth overdoing.
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Pauline, SC
Explanation of oil weights...........

To follow up on our last #TechTuesday post talking about oil types, today we will talk about oil weights.
To start with, all engines are built to different tolerances and standards that require different types and weights of oils. If you are unsure what weight to run always consult your builder or manufacturer for correct specifications. Using the incorrect weight can and will lead to engine damage, possibly catastrophic.
Oil weights are normally classified in two parts:
Multi-Viscosity: Oil that will have two different flow characteristics based on temperature. i.e 5w30 10w30 15w40 ect...
Straight Weight: Oil that has a consistent viscosity at different temperatures. i.e 0w30 0w40 or "SAE30, SAE40 ect...
If we look at multi-viscosity oils, they contain the letter 'W' which stands for 'Winter'. The number to the left of that is the viscosity in which it will flow in winter like or colder temperatures. The lower the number is the less viscous the oil will be in said temperatures.
In comparison, a 10w oil will be thicker than a 5w oil in colder temperatures. Whereas the 5w would be the more efficient oil in this case. The number following the 'W' is the viscosity of the oil in hotter temperatures.
The higher the number the thicker the oil will be at those temps. A very common 5w30 is widely used in newer cars as it has great fluid characteristics in inconsistent climates. It will flow easily in cold climates giving instant protection yet provides a thicker amount of protection as temps increase.
Straight weight oils are oils that are designed to thin to a specified weight. As all oils will thin as temps get hotter, straight weight oils were before additive technologies gave way at MV oils.
It was hard for engineers to develop an oil they knew would thin to a certain weight at given temperatures to classify an oil at to a certain grade. In these times, engines were harder to start in colder climates, but once running as temps increased oil would thin to its rated viscosity and provide correct film thickness as needed.
Straight weight oils are generally used where there is no need for a MV oil. They are common in older vehicles, machinery, tools, ect...
It is never recommend to use straight oils where multi viscosity is recommended or needed. Although it seems it would make since if you wanted to get rid of your winter viscosity, the oils fluid characteristics would be inadequate for an engine designed to run a MV oil. Plus, you will lack needed additives and the obvious viscosity index improvers that make multi viscosity oils what they are...especially if an engine is designed to run a synthetic or MV oil.
Most newer vehicles run Multi Viscosity oils but not all. It is always recommended to run what your engine has been designed to run.
Popular to contrary belief, If you are looking to change your oil weights around a bit, fear not as you can without harm only if you are changing your 'winter' viscosity rating.
So if you run a 10w30, and would like to lessen to a 5w30 no harm is done, except giving you more fluid oil flow at colder temps than 10w.
Now as stated, we recommend always running what is recommended by your engine manufacturer but we felt the need to address this, as it is a FAQ.
We hope this gave you some great insight on different oil weights and that you can feel more confident when picking out your next oil change.